Erik Erickson’s Psychosocial Theory Essay

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Research suggests parenting styles and the quality of a parent and adolescent relationship may have a impact on the psychosocial development among adolescents. Psychosocial development can be referred to as how an individual’s emotions, mind, and maturity level can develop throughout life (CITE). Erik Erickson’s psychosocial theory describes adolescence development through a series of eight stages based on the impact of social experience. Erickson’s theory also involves each stage building upon one another based on the completion of previous stages. Other factors involving the psychosocial development of adolescents include varying parenting dimensions that could affect these developmental outcomes such as: demandingness (control) versus …show more content…
Baumrind’s model also indicates children contribute to their own development through their influence on parents (Darling & Steinberg, 1993).
In Maccoby and Martin’s research they describe a parenting style reflecting two specific underlying processes: 1) the number and type of demands made by the parents and 2) the contingency of parental reinforcement (Darling & Steinberg, 1993). Maccoby and Martin expanded Baumrind’s work into four parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful. These four parenting styles involved combinations of acceptance/responsiveness and demandingness/control (Darling & Steinberg, 1993). Demandingness is referred to when parents may allow/implore for a child to become integrated into the family. This includes maturity demands, supervision, disciplinary efforts and willingness to confront the child who disobeys. Responsiveness is referred to as the actions in which intentionally promote individuality, self-regulation, and self-assertion (Maccoby and Martin, 1983). This parent is to be supportive to a child’s needs and demands. Maccoby and Martin describe authoritative parenting where the parent is demanding and responsive. For an authoritarian parent, the parent is demanding, but not responsive, which may be considered a totalitarian style of parenting. An indulgent parent is responsive, but not demanding. Lastly, with a neglectful parent, there is neither

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