Diabetes in the Competitive Athlete Essay

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As fitness professionals working with individuals with diabetes there are numerous considerations we must contemplate. For one thing we need to realize we are part of a team approach for these individuals. We need to be very cognizant that we operate within our own scope of practice, as diabetes is a disease that requires specialized approaches from physicians, dietetic experts and fitness professional for each individual’s situation. In addition to this we need to make sure before accepting the

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If the individual was already an athlete this diagnosis will literally become a game changer for them.



Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disease with 90% of them being Type 2 (T2DM) and Type 1 (T1DM) at 10%. (Harris), This population creates a myriad of challenges, the way of dealing with aspects of even moderate intensity activity can have a major impact on a diabetics treatment. (Radenković) While, there have been improved formulations of medications which have made it possible for an athlete with T1DM or T2DM to be capable of being successfully competitive in most sports with proper training and medication adjustments that ultimately minimize hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. The training and competition demands have been proven to affect glucose homeostasis in completely diverse ways and T1DM athletes have been proven to be prone to ketoacidosis. (Harris) Even though it has been shown that achieving high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) will produce a solid protecting influence versus cardiovascular disease mortality in diabetics (Sae) and that diabetic athletes range from youth sports to Gold Medal Olympians, (Harris, Pearl) they all presents a substantial tests and trials not only to themselves but to the various personnel working with them due to the risks of acute hypoglycemia or ketoacidosis and chronic complications involving cardiovascular disease. (Harris, Pearl,
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