Essay on Deficiency Disease

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When all necessary nutrients are regularly consumed for the healthy growth and function of our bodies, is when a balanced diet has been achieved (Biology online, 2005). A healthy diet has 7 key food types which all contribute to a balanced diet, these components are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water (GCSE bitesize, 2013). A lack of any or one of these nutrients may lead to what is known as a nutrient deficiency, which may be followed by a deficiency disease. Scurvy is a deficiency disease caused by the lack of or minimalistic intake of vitamin C with our diets. This essay sets out to explain the symptoms, risks and preventive options available to do with scurvy.
Vitamin C, also scientifically known as
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Perishable foods are known to be foods prone to become rotten or unsafe to eat if not stored correctly or before the ability to consume (Ask Karen, 2009).
It can usually take up to three months of total or considerably reduced intake of ascorbic acid for the symptoms of scurvy to become apparent, and these symptoms may vary from one person to the next (Ngan, 2005). Initial symptoms of the deficiency disease are those of fatigue, irritability and misery along with a numb feeling of pain particularly within the legs. As well as the pain in the legs, small spots may appear that develop on shins around hair follicles, these hairs become shaped like cork screws and break easily. Eventually, if the vitamin C deficiency continues these spots will begin to merge and create large patches of dark skin. Subcutaneous bruising may also become noticeable and often bruising happens very easily. (NHS, 2013 B). Additional symptoms of scurvy can include diarrhoea; tender and bleeding gums leading to the loss of teeth, as well as these visible symptoms sufferers may feel general discomfort and nausea (WiseGeek, 2013). When symptoms persist and scurvy is untreated it may lead onto complications of the disease such as heart attacks, anaemia or even death (Better health channel, 2011). In 1747 a Scottish physician,

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