Han China and Ancient Rome are without doubt two of the most powerful and famous empires in ancient times. The Han Dynasty ruled China from 202 B.C. - A.D. 220. The Han Dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin Dynasty (221 B.C.–206 B.C.). It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gao Zu of Han. As emperor, Liu Bang took a series of measures that were good for his people. He ordered the reduction of field taxes on the peasants and let the armies go back to farming. Because of his strong leadership and effective measures, the economy recovered quickly and stability returned to the society. In the annuals of Chinese history, Liu Bang was regarded as an emperor who contributed a
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There are the Himalayas and Tian Shan toward the West, the Pacific Ocean in the East and the Gobi desert in the North. The Chinese heartland lay along the valleys of the Huang or Yellow River and the Chang river. These fertile farming regions supported the largest populations. Then, as now, the rivers provided water for irrigation and served as transportation routes. However, Chinese civilization developed very distinctly due to its geography. For Rome, the Italian peninsula is centrally located in the Mediterranean Sea, and the city of Rome sits toward the center of Italy. Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys. Italy has fertile plains in the West and North that supported the growing population. Rome was built on seven low lying hills. The Tiber River aided the Romans in trade and provided protection at the same time. Among the early settlers who settled in Rome were the Latins, Greek-colonists and the Etruscans, who lived mostly North of Rome.
The main significance about these two empires are the governmental forms. For China, The famous emperor Wudi followed a policy of expansionism. He fought many battles to expand China's territory and drive nomadic peoples beyond the great wall. Han emperors made Confucianism the official belief system of the state. The bureaucracy was well organized based upon Confucian ideas and education. In Han government, the emperor was the supreme judge and lawgiver, the