Compare and Contrast A Description of New England and A Model of Christian Charity

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Compare and Contrast A Description of New England and A Model of Christian Charity

Mankind can be conceived in interesting ways by analyzing the writings of John Smith and John Winthrop. As I read through John Smith‘s “A Description of New England” and John Winthrop’s “A Model of Christian Charity,” it became evident to me that the two readings had similar and different viewpoints of the essential nature of man. Throughout my paper, I will compare their similar beliefs of community and diversity of people and completely contrast their ideas of emphasis on religion and relationships with enemies.

Both authors stress a sense of community and diversity in order to survive in America. Smith could not think of anything to “be
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Similarly, Smith and Winthrop agree America is held together as a community by the differences in people and their occupations, yet they disagree on the subject of religion.

The importance of religion and the amount of emphasis placed on it strongly differ in the minds of both authors. Less emphasis is placed on God in Smith’s selection. He mentions God, but he stresses the significance of “find[ing] employment for those that are idle” (Smith 114). Smith believes men should spend more time working hard and less time practicing religion. On the contrary, Winthrop accentuates the need for religion by always speaking of God and his greatness. He shows this by ending his sermon with the following saying: “Therefore let us choose life, that we and our seed may live by obeying His voice and cleaving to Him, for He is our life and our prosperity” (Winthrop 225). Winthrop expresses God as the center of the settlers’ lives. Religion influences relationships with people in America whether it is emphasized or not.

John Smith and John Winthrop also possess separate views on people’s relationships with their enemies. Smith thinks there should always “be a sufficient power to command them, houses to receive them, means to defend them, and meet provisions for them” (Smith 117). He is speaking about how the new settlers should be in control of their Indian enemies. God is not mentioned when Smith is speaking of this hatred toward the

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