Colonization of America Essay

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Colonization of America

Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions have evolved into two new distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur?

When first English settlers began arriving in America in the 1700's they mainly settled in two regions - New England and the Chesapeake. Even though both groups of people were English by origin, they had developed two very different societies. Each group had it's own beliefs and expectations of what they will find in this new world, and the results of their settlement were very different as well.

When the ship headed for Virginia left England in 1635, it was filled mostly with men in their twenties and
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Soon after class differences developed among the settlers of Virginia. The Tidewater plantation owners had become very rich. They produced huge amounts of tobacco, and had a lot of indentured servants. The plantation owners had been the only lawmakers and voters in the colony. They passed laws in their own favor, but increased taxes for the farmers. They also protected Indian rights to maintain a prosperous fur trade.

On the other hand, Piedmont farmers had been left with smaller, less productive tobacco farms. They had very few indentured servants. They had no power in the government, because only large plantation owners were allowed to vote. The farmers were in need of more land, and they had to fight with Indians over land rights. This had led to the Bacon's Rebellion of 1676. "For having…raised great unjust taxes…for the advancement of private favorites…for having abused…the magistrates of justice, by advancing to courts, scandalous and ignorant favorites…by assuming monopoly of the beaver trade…for having sent back the army of English when they were just upon the track of those Indians…" stated Bacon in his declaration to Governor Berkley (Bacon's Declaration). Although the rebellion was not successful, it was one of the major economic and political developments in the American colonies.

People who came to settle in New England had very different reasons for coming here then those of people from

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