Essay on Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy

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Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy

In the Consolation of Philosophy, Boethius addresses many solutions to the never-ending problem of evil. In Book IV Boethius offers a solution to the problem based on the distinction between “Fate” and “Providence.” Boethius defines both of these terms and explains his own version of the problem and how to solve the problem using the differences between “Fate” and “Providence.” However one may argue against Boethius’s solution and offer a solution themselves. And if this may occur Boethius or somebody who agrees with him would make a counter argument against the proposed solution. In Book IV of the Consolation of Philosophy, Boethius makes a clear difference between the idea of “Fate” and the
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Evil men are weak and in contrast they can do no good. Since evil men suffer from doing good they seem not to be in existence because good is rewarded and recognized while evil is not. It seems that all the good covers up the evil making evil not exist. All of this can be restated in terms of “Providence” and “Fate.” Boethius says that “Providence is the immovable and simple form of all thing which come into being, while Fate is the moving connection and temporal order of all things which the divine simplicity has decided to bring into being” (Boethius book IV prose 6 p.92). Boethius displays his argument through a model of spheres in orbit. He says that the closer spheres to the center tend not to move around and have simple orbits and is Providence. On the other hand the spheres that are farther away from the center tend to have complex orbits and whirl around, which is Fate. However if all the orbits are connected to the center they are confined by the simplicity of the center and no longer tend to stray away. Therefore Fate is confined within the simplicity of Providence, just as circle is confined within its center. Looking back at all these orbits from a long distance you would not be able to distinguish between the simple orbits and the complex orbits because they would all be connected to the center. Therefore one could not point out “Fate” within

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