Afghanistan versus Rwanda: The Process of Developing Two Post Conflict Societies

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The process of developing two post conflict societies (Afghanistan vs. Rwanda)


Mainly most of the analyses are restricted to fragile states, those states that have been highly vulnerable to serious forms of internal aggression including civil wars.
There have been more than 220 armed conflicts all over the world from 1946 to 2001. In general it includes about more than 140 civil wars, causing the death of about 20 million people and displacing about 67 million (Panić, n.d.) . As a result of combine interstates the number is even higher today; internal wars are in countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan. Because civil wars are not the only form of systematized violence and
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On the other hand, Rawanda does not face such problem though it may have some intrastate ethnic problems. The 2014 elections gave Afghans some hope to get a democratic government with properly elected president. This paper is going to compare the characteristics of their political governance and the level of corruption in these two post conflict societies.

Characteristics of governance in Rwanda

Rwanda is a democratic republic country that has a bicameral parliament. President is the head of the government who is directly selected for seven years. The parliament of this country is consisted of two houses which are; Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Chamber of Deputies has eighty members with it who come through direct and indirect elections by the population to serve for five years; fifty four out of eighty are elected by general population through comparative population representation, two out of eighty are selected to represent for the interest of young generation, one member is selected to represent disable groups and twenty three seats ate kept or reserved for those who are elected by the local government council. The Senate has twenty six members who are elected to serve for eight years. A minimum of eight seats are reserved for women, based on affirmative action or positive discrimination which is to discriminate in order to avoid discrimination. Base on this

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