A Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation (Hmiem) for Sport

2026 Words May 12th, 2009 9 Pages
A Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation (HMIEM) for Sport


This session (on 29th January, 2009) was primarily focused on understanding how motivation and self-confidence are instrumental in the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance. The session started with definition of motivation as given by Sage (1977), followed by the explanation for different types of motivation and three determinant factors of motivation. It further continued with providing an in-depth understanding of achievement motivation and competitiveness clarifying the definitions by Gill (1983) and Martens (1976), followed by clear understanding of the three main theorie, namely The Need Achievement Theory
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Corollary 5.2 Motivational consequences exist at the three levels of the hierarchy, and the degree of generality of the consequences depends on the level of the motivation that has produced them.

Over the 10 years or so since its first publication (Vallerand, 1997), much research has been conducted on the HMIEM in sport and physical activity settings. Such research has led to a better understanding of the processes through which motivational changes and outcomes take place. Further, it is believed that the model can lead to additional novel and testable research hypotheses in the area of sport and physical activity. The following are a few research directions based on the model.

 One broad avenue of research pertains to global motivation. Research in sport and physical activity has neglected the study of global motivation per¬haps because the study of contextual motivation in sport and physical activity yields results that are more readily applicable. However, research in other realms of activity has revealed that global motivation plays a more important role than initially anticipated.

 A second research avenue involves the interplay of different contextual motivations and their implications for situational motivation and outcomes. At least three types of influence may exist: conflicting, facilitative, and compensative.

 A final area for future research pertains to the

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