Zoroastrianism, A Religion That Influenced The Development Of Christianity And Manichaeism

1055 Words Dec 5th, 2015 5 Pages
Zoroastrianism is a religion that influenced the development of Christianity and Manichaeism. It believes in the role of individuals determining their own fate and emphasizes the duality of good and evil. Early Aryan influences on Persian religious traditions. Zarathustra (late 7th-early 6th centuries BCE) is the founder of Zoroastrianism. He believes that Ahura Mazda had chosen him to be a prophet. In the sixth century BCE, Zoroastrianism attracted Persian aristocrats and ruling elites. It also influenced Judaism, Christianity and later, Islam. When Alexander of Macedonia defeated Darius III in battle, Alexander conquered most of the Persian territories. This caused Zoroastrianism to receive a huge blow since many priests were killed and texts were destroyed. Most Zoroastrians in Persia during this time fled to India to escape prosecution.

Seleucus dominated the territories of the former Achaemenid empire. He was commander of an elite guard corps in Alexander 's army. He ruled from 305 BCE to 281 BCE . The Seleucus inherited most of Achaemenid when Alexander died. They retained the Achaemenid system of administration.

Satraps often revolted against the Seleucid rule and the Seleucids lost their holdings in Northern Iran. Eventually, semi nomadic Parthians took over Iran during the 3rd century BCE. They had a federated governmental structure and had especially strong cavalry: well-trained forces of heavily armed cavalry. They did not have a centralized government but…

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