Pros And Cons Of Confucianism

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In Confucianism, social scales were reformed to allow individuals to advance socially with talent and intelligence, by diminishing the significance of class. Socially, Confucius created 5 basic relationships. The first basic relationship being between the ruler and the subject, where the ruler is inferior and the subject is superior. The relationship between a father and a son, would be that the father would be in control because of his wisdom and his son would respect and abide by his father. Likewise the relationship between an elder brother and a younger brother would follow the same principles, besides the elder brother would have guidance over the younger brother. The relationship between husband and wife would be that the husband provides for her and she listens to him and respects him return. The relationship between two friends, would consist of mutual respect. (Pg.104) Their ethical teachings tell them that their good morals should reflect in their actions. (Pg.107) The founder Confucian created an up to date moral standard for their Chinese families. Family was the top propriety in their life and parents became glorified. The Chinese Confucianist would try to please their parents, respect them, and honor them because they are a product of them. their ethical teachings from Confucius, says that highest moral standing is giving to a individual who legitimately cares about others and displays it through their actions. His ethical teachings also inspired rulers to care more about the wellbeing of his people. (Pg.105) They also believed that if a ruler was good that he would encourage his people to be good also, by leading by example. (Pg.111)

Politically, the Confucianist believed that the moral characteristics of rulers
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Describe the concept of the Polis in the Greek Classical period. How did Athens and Sparta fit into this concept? How did the Polis change in the Hellenistic period after Alexander the Great?

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