World War I And The Trauma Of Battle Essay

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Shell shock was a term coined to describe the reaction of some soldiers in World War I to the trauma of battle. It was a reaction to the intensity of the bombardment and fighting that produced a helplessness appearing variously as panic and being scared, or flight, an inability to reason, sleep, walk or talk.

Cases of 'shell shock ' could be interpreted as either a physical or psychological injury, or simply as a lack of moral fibre. While the term shell shock is no longer used in either medical or military discourse, it has entered into popular imagination and memory, and is often identified as the signature injury of the War.
World War I greatly added to the veterans rolls of the United States: 5,000,000 returning soldiers and 200,000 wounded

Congress authorized a new protocol for awarding veterans ' benefits in 1917. The new program included disability compensation and vocational rehabilitation, insurance for active-duty personnel and veterans. Three agencies took charge of the programs: the Veterans Bureau, the Bureau of Pensions of the Interior Department, and the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. In 1930 all functions were collected under the Veterans Administration, the forerunner of today 's Department of Veterans Affairs.

In 1924, World War I veterans were promised a bonus payment of $1,000 with payment due in 1945. As the Great Depression deepened in 1932, some 12,000 to 15,000 veterans and their families began to converge on Washington, D.C. to…

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