Essay about William Golding 's Lord Of The Flies

1026 Words Oct 12th, 2015 5 Pages
In a time when every aspect of life was questioned such as government, religion, and personal liberty, philosophers questioned one aspect that had no definite answer, and this was human nature. Thomas Hobbes theorizes that humans are born evil, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that humans are naturally good. However, John Locke declared that humans are not innately good or evil. William Golding came back to the of innate human behavior during the 20th century when wrote the novel Lord of the Flies, where he displayed his unique and nuanced view of innateness of good and evil. His complex view is implied through his complex characterization of Ralph and Piggy. However, Golding characterizes characters as Simon and Roger as naturally good and innately evil. Although John Locke and William Golding have a few differing ideas of the natural behavior of humanity, Golding’s nuanced characterization of many characters such as the characterization of Ralph and Piggy validates Locke’s concept that the moral such as good and evil are not innate.
John Locke was a British philosopher who argued that human actions are not innate. In his essay Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Locke argues that humans have contrasting principles of morality in their own separate societies which render the moral principles good and evil interpretive. He writes that “into several tribes of men… there is scarce that principle of morality to be named, or rule of virtue to be thought on” since the…

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