The task of this investigation is to discover the relationship between the level of education a person receives and whether or not that person smokes cigarettes. This will be accomplished by first collecting data from online databases. In order to determine if there is a relationship between the variables, graphs of the data will be produced to visually examine the data. Percentages, mean, and standard deviation will be calculated to further analyze the data. A contingency table will then be created. Then, the null hypothesis, that the two variables are independent, will be tested using the chisquared test. I chose to investigate this topic because cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death. Smoking can result in numerous potentially fatal ailments, such as lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and heart disease. Therefore, it is crucial to learn how to target the largest smoking population to end cigarette smoking and limit the amount of people with these diseases.
A survey of 100 individuals from each of the following levels of education was conducted, inquiring if the person was a current smoker. A current smoker is defined as a person who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes during their lifetime and who has reported smoking multiple times a week.
Level of Education Amount of Smokers (out of 100)
Grade 8 or Less 15
Reached Grade 911
Reached Grade 12 (No Diploma) 20
Graduate Education Degree (GED) 41