Why Is Addiction A Disease Or A Choice

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A disease or a choice

According to Webster’s dictionary addiction is a compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance (as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol) characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal. Addiction has been a topic that has been debated for quite some time. It has been debated whether it is a brain disease or if it is a choice that of the user to continue using the drug and can stop whenever they feel like it. With both sides there is a good argument defending the topic. Addiction occurs biologically due to repeated use of the drug or performing a certain action, which cause the pleasure sensors in the brain to become dependent on the drug or action.
“Genetic factors account for
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So if it was a choice it wouldn’t matter if you could be easier to be addicted to something. With that thinking you would be able to just stop whenever you feel like it, despite the mental damage that is done returning to normal. It is argued that Addiction isn’t a real disease, it has been compared to how other diseases are treated vs how addiction is treated. They argue that “In a true disease, some part of the body is in a state of abnormal physiological functioning” (Slate 2016). The brain changes that occur is not abnormal. “The changes in the brain evidenced by brain scans of heavy substance users (“addicts”) do not represent a malfunctioning brain…Whenever we practice doing or thinking anything enough, the brain changes – different regions and neuronal pathways are grown or strengthened, and new connections are made; various areas of the brain become more or less active depending upon how much you use them, and this becomes the norm in your brain – but it changes again as you adjust how much you use those brain regions depending on what you choose to think and do. This is a process which continues throughout life, there is nothing abnormal about it” (Slate

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