Schmitt's Argumentative Analysis

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Schmitt insist that the friend -enemy distinction is the defining feature of the political, and that violence is the mode of preservation for the state and its beliefs.
“Each participant is in a position to judge whether the adversary intends to negate his opponent’s way of life and therefore must be repulsed or fought in order to preserve one’s own form of existence” (Schmitt 1927, 27).

The political exist to justly defend the created political order. A group of people who willingly engage in political life must do so by recognize their moral and political views as being different form others, in that the others or enemies hold such views that the differences are of the utmost degree of intensity and have no means of consolidation. The
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It is then that liberty is happiness because the possibility to actively choose the powers that dictate your structured life are chosen by the individual who wishes not to be constrained, to an extent, in his private life. The government is an institution that is used to protect and promote private happiness.
Public and private interest are different in that the public interest is a shared belief by all citizens where each can purse and enjoy happiness only by going beyond the private self. A value in which competing identities create possibilities of establishing a collective identity that can be acknowledged as dominate and therefore just way of ruling. The private identities create tyrannical forms of government in which,
“a form of government in which the ruler, even though he ruled according to the laws of the realm, had monopolized for himself the right of action… deprived of public happiness, though not necessarily of private well-being, while a republic granted to every citizen the right to become ‘a participator in the government of affaires’, the right to be seen in action” (Arendt 1963,
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The people still want to participate however, it is the current state where mass manipulation, ill-informed citizens, and the complex structure of the government, that prevents the fully actualized involvement in the political body. What is needed are acts of restoration that can be applied in education, and the willingness to restructure the government so as to be a system in which individuals are directly effecting the government, a call for direct democracy on smaller levels as opposed to the current republican system. This is what makes the concept unlikely, the membership and power is too massive for the frame work of direct democracy to reconcile and appreciate, fully, all views of political order where power is concentrated in few positions that are dependent on influence, money and power not accessible to the

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