Public Participation In Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

It is essential to discuss participation in EIA as a component and reflection of the general development of public engagement in environmental decision-making. Wood (2003), Glucker et al. (2013) claim that public participation is an essential part of the success of EIA.
Public involvement in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
The definition of public participation in EIA is often used interchangeably to involvement, engagement, consultation, and sometimes with little attention to their differing objectives and potential outcomes.
From the social and political point of views, public participation is often stressing on the moral belief and democratic process, that everyone has right to be informed, to be consulted, and to express personal
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The effective participation process in the EIA provides procedural tools and knowledge for participants to make the best possible decisions. The way information is transferred can influence public participation. For instance, highly technical information can be understood by only a small proportion of the public. Information in different media will reach different sectors of the public. Thus, Diduck and Sinclair (2002), (Richmond et al., 2013) state that ensuring the participation of marginalised groups in an environmental decision making may be a special concern for conveying information in EIA process. A greater focus on the process should assist in the most effective choice of methods and techniques through an understanding of the impact on outcomes relating to social as well as decision priorities (Glucker et al., 2013). Effective participation requires the public to understand the objectives and remit including the limitations of the process, which is why selections methods are important as a communication tool (Diduck and Sinclair, 2002, Sinclair and Diduck, 2001, Wiklund,

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