Essay about Welfare in the United States

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Welfare in the United States

Everyone has their own opinion about the welfare system in the United States. Some feel it is well-designed and other find it to be valueless. Some say it is an excuse for “the lazy” to not have to contribute to society, and use it as a source of income. Some even say the program isn’t utilized in the manner in which it was meant when established. Regardless of opinions, the welfare system was established to help those in a time of need. The United States, “The land of opportunity”, is simply trying to help give those less fortunate the opportunity to succeed. In the following paragraphs we will discuss the history of the welfare system; why it was created; and how the conflict theory impacts it.
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Though some have criticized the program, many acknowledge it has been successful (Kyunghee, 2009). So how does each theory apply to the Welfare system; in Chapter one of our book we learned about three different perspectives. These theories include: the functionalist perspective, the conflict perspective, and interactionist perspective. (Schaefer, 2009) The functionalist perspective is a sociological approach that emphasizes the way in which the parts of society are structured to maintain its stability. This perspective can be said to be the foundation on which the welfare system was built. Welfare is government aid intended to help those with little to no income, including the working poor. Aimed primarily at families with children, older individuals, and those who are disabled, welfare can include cash assistance, food stamps, and Medicaid. These are resources giving to those in need but paid for by those who are able to work. In short, the financially stable and physically able help to carry the financial unstable and physically unable. (Schaefer, 2009) The conflict perspective is a bit different. It is a sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is best understood in terms of tension between groups over power or the allocation of resources, including housing, money, access to services and political representation. This perspective is the ruler over the free benefit. The government sets the standards by which one can apply and

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