Essay on Weakness Of Theory, Natural Law, And Ethical Egoism

1056 Words Sep 24th, 2015 5 Pages
Weakness of Theory In the realm of philosophy and guidelines, exist a set of criteria that help define the minimum of moral standards. This criteria is known as the “Minimum Conception of Morality” (MCM). James and Stewart Rachels defines the MCM as: “at the very least, the effort to guide one 's conduct by reason -- that is, to do what there are the best reasons for doing -- while giving equal weight to the interests of each individual affected by one’s decision. (Rachels & Rachels, 13)”. The MCM dictates that a moral agent must practice impartiality, justified inspection of principles, abide by reason, and act on deliberation. These principles define the standards that allow theories to be considered sound. If a theory does not follow the principles of the MCM, then they will not be structurally sound with moral arguments. This observation is noted through the five theories: Cultural Relativism, Subjectivism, Divine Command Theory, Theory of Natural Law, and Ethical Egoism.
Cultural Relativism is the school of thought that believes that no custom of a culture can be considered “right” or “wrong”. According to Cultural Relativism, this is because the culture’s respective society is the only one capable of judging if an action is right or wrong through their moral codes. Cultural Relativism states that “there is no objective standard that can judge one society’s code as better than another’s” (16). This clashes with the MCM because Cultural Relativism prohibits the…

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