Ways of the World Second Edition Chapter 7 Questions Essay
Chapter 8 Questions
1. Long-distance commerce acted as a motor of change in pre-modern world history by altering consumption and daily life. Essential food and useful tools such as salt were traded from the Sahara desert all the way to West Africa and salt was used as a food preserver. Some incenses essential to religious ceremonies were traded across the world because there was a huge demand for them. Trade diminished economic self-sufficiency by creating a reliance on traded goods and encouraged people to specialize and trade a particular skill. Trade motivated the creation of a state due to the wealth accumulated from controlling and taxing trade. Trade posed the problem of if the government or private …show more content…
6. The impact of disease along the Silk Road was that contact led to peoples being exposed to unfamiliar diseases to which they had little immunity or effective methods of dealing with. The spread of some virulent epidemic diseases could lead to deaths on a large scale. The worst example of this occurred in the fourteenth century, when the Black Death, identified variously with bubonic plague, anthrax, or a package of epidemic diseases, swept away nearly one-third of the population in Europe, China, and the Middle East. In the long run, the exchange of diseases gave Europeans a certain advantage when, after 1500, they confronted the peoples of the Western Hemisphere, who had little natural protection from the diseases of the Eastern Hemisphere.
7. The reasons for the fourishing of Indian Ocean commerce in the postclassical millennium were the economic and political revival of China, especially during the Tang and Song dynasties. China both supplied products for and consumed the products of the Indian Ocean trading network. China also provided technological innovations, including larger ships and the magnetic compass, which facilitated trade. Another important factor was the sudden rise of Islam in the seventh century C.E. and its subsequent spread