War : Past, Present, And Future Essays

1895 Words 8 Pages
Sociologists have researched how culture serves as an influence on the characteristics of an individual by analyzing the surroundings of the person, such as material and nonmaterial factors. Conclusively, culture defines what the individual will become, including his or her values, norms, attitudes, and behaviors. Gwynne Dyer’s 1985 book: War: Past, Present, and Future, provides an outlook on the process of resocialization through the experiences of military recruits via basic training.

Resocialization is the course of relearning the social values and norms of a group that is different from your own. The situations in which it occurs can range from simple to complex ordeals. Dyer uses the examples of a woman training to become a nun to that of a person changing their occupation. In his book, he focuses exclusively on the reconditioning of adolescent boys who undergo basic training for the Marines. They experience the process of resocialization, such that basic training prepares the recruits to go against the values and norms they have been raised on since birth. William Manchester provides a personal remark about his experience during battle: he is aware that the military is preparing him to kill someone should the opportunity come during a battle, even though the notion of murdering another human being is viewed as a “heinous crime” in his society (Dyer, 1985). Therefore, the training a soldier experiences is comparable to entering a new society, where he must learn to…

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