Essay on Walt Disney Yen Financing

1424 Words Sep 5th, 2010 6 Pages
1. Should Disney hedge its yen royalty cash flow? Why or why not? If so, how much should be hedged and over what time period?

Yes, Walt Disney Company should hedge its royalty cash flow to protect against currency fluctuations. The company has revenues in Yen and does not have expenses in Yen. Thus it would be converting the Yen to Dollar and so is exposed to foreign exchange risk. The value of Yen has declined recently and it is difficult to forecast what the value could be in the future. Also currency speculation should be left to speculators and Disney should not play on the exchange rate. It would be wise to reduce the risk due to changes in exchange rate. The royalty receipts form a significant part of the pre tax income of
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Swaps also help in broadening the investor base. Companies could raise money in different currencies and then use a swap to get back to their home currency.
Swap also helps in lowering the overall cost of borrowing as also enable firms to change their payment stream to either fixed or floating. When the swap is initiated for the first time, it creates value since only if value is created will the parties agree for a swap. The value comes for the differing credit ratings of the firms. In interest rate swaps, two firms come together to swap their interest obligations and each mat find that it is paying a lower rate than before.
The risks that the swaps carry is the changes in the market after the swap has taken place. In case of an fixed for floating swap, if the floating rate rise then the firm will have to pay more. Or in the case of currency swap, if the exchange rate movement is adverse, then there could be a loss. There is also a default risk since the agreement is between two parties. The swaps are not liquid and once entered may be difficult to come out of.

4. Evaluate Goldman’s proposal for an ECU bond issue accompanied by an ECU/yen swap. How does its “all-in” yen cost compare to that of the proposed yen term loan? Is it superior to hedging using outright forwards? (Note: “all-in” cost generally refers to that discount rate which equates the present discounted value of the future debt service payments with the financing proceeds less front-end fees

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