Essay On African Americans In The 20th Century

1164 Words 5 Pages
When analyzing the intricate issues of the black Americans in the 20th century, Acknowledgments must be made toward 3 individuals that fought for the advancement of black Americans. These specific individuals are W.E.B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, and Marcus Garvey. These 3 individuals all initiated platforms for the advancement of blacks at the time. Understanding the lives of blacks and the treatment of blacks by white Americans at the time plays a very crucial role in acknowledging the platform that would help to move blacks forward at this point in history. This was a very sensitive time for blacks because it was right after the abolishment of slavery but at the point where white principles still had not changed. At a time where there were groups like the KKK, trials like Plessy vs. Fergusson and the Dred Scott Decision, all things that were in place to stagnate the advancement of blacks. It was critical that the most successful platform be brought up, to move blacks toward a social, political, and economic freedom.
One of the most powerful and influential black
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In essence Garvey believed that America was not the right place for blacks at the time and in no way could he envision a successful outcome for backs in America. Hence, he wanted to lead the large migration of blacks back to Africa. Garvey condemned the anti-egalitarian views of whites denying blacks equal rights. Garvey wanted blacks to not only seek an industrial voice but also a political voice. He was a pan Africanist who held the views of anti-colonialism and the global unity of blacks and Africa as the home blacks. The UNIA which is the Universal Negro Improvement Association led by Garvey promoted social, economic, and political freedom. Dubois saw Garvey as demagogue and "the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race in America." This was largely in part to Garvey’s idea of moving blacks back to

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