September 22, 2013
Water soluble and fat soluble vitamins are both needed in order for our bodies to not only survive but to thrive as well. Water soluble vitamins are vitamins that are stored within our bodies and are needed daily. If we consume too much water soluble vitamins they will then be excreted through our urine. Water soluble vitamins are metabolized by the process of digestion and then absorption. Fat soluble vitamins are vitamins that are soluble in fats. Foods cooked with these vitamins will not lose their vitamins after being cooked. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are considered the fat-soluble vitamins. There are many sources which you can find these vitamins in.
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A deficiency in vitamin A can cause night blindness, very dry, rough skin, and decreased resistance to infections, slow bone growth, and faulty tooth development. Vitamin D is needed for proper absorption of calcium, it controls cell growth also. A deficiency of vitamin D can cause rickets, osteomalacia, as well as osteoporosis. An excess of vitamin D can cause calcium in the blood, slowed mental and physical growth, decreased appetite, nausea, and vomiting. The benefits of vitamin E are that it protects vitamin A and C, the red blood cells and fatty acids from destruction. Vitamin E is also an antioxidant. A deficiency of vitamin E is very rare and if it happens it most likely occurs in premature babies. Consuming too much vitamin E may contribute to prostate cancer in men. It is a hazard for individuals who are on prescription blood thinners to consume too much vitamin E. Vitamin K is essential for the body to clot the blood. If there is a deficiency then hemorrhaging can occur. Too much of vitamin K can cause the breakdown of red blood cells and can potentially cause liver damage that may be irreversible. When thinking about my daily diet and what I may be lacking in terms of vitamins there are a few that I may be lacking. I think that I do not eat a lot of dairy products because I am lactose intolerant and do not care for the dairy substitutes. I take a daily vitamin D tablet but I may still