Virtual Space : A Unified Language And Vision Of Virtual Warfare

2069 Words Dec 20th, 2016 9 Pages
The compositional dichotomy of virtual space creates a dynamic that, among other things, can cause states to lack a unified language and vision of virtual warfare. A large part of this division is driven from their divergent interests and relative power. An anecdote of this was showcased at the Budapest Conference on Cyberspace (2012) as well as the World Conference on International Telecommunications in Dubai (2012), when both conferences were back-to-back episodes of continual disagreements between predominantly Western caucuses holding a conception of virtual space as an international space for the free exchanges of information and non-Western predominantly authoritarian caucuses who advocated for national control of information spaces and an entirely different approach to managing online content. At the Budapest Conference, specifically, Western nations stressed the human rights aspects of cyber security based on their understanding of Internet freedom as a fundamental human right (Budapest, 2012). This led a conference attendee from China to ask whether the conference was about virtual security or human rights. The failure to reach an agreement at both conferences on fundamental principles of virtual space is symbolic of the difficulty that states have when they discuss virtual security issues. ‘Virtual attacks vary significantly in range of target (military or civilian and public or private), impact (minor or major and direct or indirect), and duration (temporary or…

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