Vietnamese Culture Essay

760 Words 4 Pages
Vietnamese culture
Vietnam is an emerging economy in Southeast Asia with thousands years of history. The early Vietnamese people developed and shared their custom with many civilizations such as Champa, an Indian influenced State, and China, a powerful neighbor in the north. Vietnam had been ruled by Chinese government for about a thousand years, colonized by the French for almost a century, and controlled by the American for 30 years. Because of the long aggressions of other countries, many foreign cultural values were added to the Vietnamese culture (Nguyen & Truong, 2016). For instance, when the French ruled Vietnam, French language, textbooks and ideology were taught at school and French style recreation was popular. Western scholars who
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Individuals have strong connections with their families, their societies, and the nature and they are responsible for these entities. Because individuals are bounded by the social context, the social groups expect individuals to conform to the group’s norms and to contribute to the wealth fare of the groups and the society. Children are taught that fulfilling their responsibility is more important than pursuing their own desires. They are told to forsake their ego and sacrifice for the goodness. They are often questioned about their contribution to their family and their society when they grow up (Hunt, 2005). Vietnamese culture also values harmony (Selin, 2014). People should create and foster the harmony with others and the nature. Vietnamese maintain the harmony with others by communicating in a modest way, showing collaboration, and avoiding conflicts (Hunt, 2005). Because “persons with a strong selfish and competitive orientation are less likely to act ecologically” (Ahmad & Panni, 2014, p. 112), the cultural values such as sacrifice and harmony of Vietnamese may make them more likely to adopt environmentally friendly …show more content…
The early Vietnamese believed in the existence of supernatural forces such as the land-god and the forest-spirit (Cuc, 1999). Due to the development of the science and the exposure to western cultures, modern Vietnamese are less likely to believe in these mysterious forms, but they still try to keep the harmony with the nature (Cuc, 1999). This is because most Vietnamese work in the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sector and thus in the Vietnamese consciousness, the nature and people are inseparably linked. Humans’ activities directly influence the nature and the changes of the nature directly affect humans’ life. If humans seek harmony with nature and protect it, humans’ life will be prosperous. Otherwise, humans’ life will be difficult. The perception of harmony-with –nature has a deep root in Vietnamese culture and this perception is different from that of people in the Western world. Western culture perceives that humans and nature are separate entities and man should control nature (“mastery-over-nature”) (De Mooij, 2011, p.

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