Utilitarianism And Deontological Theory : Similarities And Differences

1238 Words Oct 10th, 2016 5 Pages
Utilitarianism and deontological theory have their similarities and differences in the philosophical world. The greatest happiness principle, used by utilitarianism, is that an act is right as far as it tends to produce the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. Happiness is equal to the pleasure and the absence of pain. Bentham’s idea of pleasure falls under three points; intensity (how strong), duration (how long lasting), and the propinquity (how soon). Later Mill’s added to the utilitarianism by distinguishing the qualities of pleasure. These pleasures can be categorized as higher and lower pleasures. Higher pleasure can consist of intellectual and involves serving others. Lower pleasures consist of sensate and selfish.
An example of how the principle can be used in everyday ethical decision making is when you are determining everyday things. A common equation that is used when finding this out is the consequence of value 1 multiply by the likelihood plus the consequence of value 2 multiply by the likelihood will get you the happiness level. The sum of these three events can help determine what has the highest GHP by the numbers you get as the output. For example we have someone that has three options after high school; (A) go to BSU, (B) go to work or (C) go to a different school. For situation A, the consequence of value 1 is getting a degree (+600). The likelihood of this happening is 80% out of 100%. With this you have to add the consequence of value…

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