Urban Governance Case Study

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1. Introduction

Urban governance is defined as a system of how local, regional and national government and relevant stakeholders manage, plan and finance urban environment (Devas et al., 2004). Cote (2014) argued that urban governance is responsible for 1. Developing the spatial and social character of urban areas, 2. Providing and ensuring equal distribution of public services 3. Allocation of resources and environmental monitoring 4. Promoting public in decision-making. Such responsibilities are especially imperative at contemporary times as many cities are facing numerous challenges resulting from rapid urbanisation trend (Harkness & Katz, 2016)

City as complex system therefore requires an effective urban governance in order to cope
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(Janssen, Charalabidis & Zuiderwijk, 2012). Public sector is a place where enormous amount data ranging from multiple sectors such as transportation, demographics, energy management, waste management and public services is stored. While some municipalities and governments are actively promoting open data initiatives, there are still some places, especially in developing countries, lacking behind which results in a huge amount of data staying unused. Another problem with data is that it tends to appear in various formats (Hartog et al., 2014) making it hard compare. Each governance ranging from local to regional has their own ways of measuring data which makes it difficult to effectively compare the data and use it for further …show more content…
According to their research political and social benefits were viewed as the most important category. Political and social aspects can interpreted as urban governance, hence this essay will be considering political and social aspects as the points of improvement.
One of the outcomes from Janssen, Charalabidis & Zuiderwijk (2012) research has demonstrated that “if data is used for policy-making, a high level of confidence in the data and in the veracity of the interpretation is given. Therefore, policy-makers should be prepared to share their data.” (Janssen, Charalabidis & Zuiderwijk 2012). Open data initiative therefore allows other parties such as private sector, academics, researchers and regular citizens to validate and verify whether policies based on the data are correct and in favour with the public interest. Ultimately open data initiative can assist urban governance in three areas: 1) Transparency and accountability, 2) Public participation and 3) Innovation, economic development and efficiency (Davies & Perini, 2016). These areas will be discussed in more detail in the part of the

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