Essay United States Dollar and Gold Standard
The gold standard has three distinct monetary systems in which the standard economic unit of account is a fixed weight of gold. The gold specie standard is a system, which a monetary unit is associated with circulating gold coins, or with the unit of value circulating gold coin in conjunction with lesser coinage made from a lesser valuable metal. Similarly, the gold exchange standard involves circulation of only coins made of silver or other metals and finally, the gold bullion standard is a system in which gold coins do not circulate, but authorities have agreed to sell gold …show more content…
Thus, the price-specie flow mechanism of the gold standard could automatically reduce current account surpluses and deficits, achieving a measure of external balance for all countries. In a reserve currency system, another country’s currency takes the role that gold played in a gold standard. In other words, a country fixes its own currency value to a unit of another country’s currency. If Britain decided to fix its currency to the dollar at the exchange rate E$/£ = 1.50 and in order to maintain this fixed exchange rate, the Bank of England would stand ready to exchange pounds for dollars (or dollars for pounds) on demand at the specified exchange rate. To accomplish this, the Bank of England would need to hold dollars on reserve in case there was ever any excess demand for dollars in exchange for pounds on the foreign exchange.
Initially, the equilibrium price of