Essay United Front Elections of 1954 in East Pakistan

2641 Words Mar 2nd, 2012 11 Pages
| United Front Elections | | |

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 Background of United Front 1
3 Formation of United Front 2
3.1 Constituent Parties 2
The Awami Muslim League (AML) 2
Krishak Sramik Party (KSP) 3
Nizam-i-Islam Party (NIP) 3
Ganatantri Dal (GD) 3
4 Key People 4
AK Fazlul Huq (1873-1962) 4
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (1892-1963) 4
Bhasani, (Maulana) Abdul Hamid Khan (1880-1976) 5
5 Election 5
6 Conclusion 8
7 Bibliography 9

lIST OF TableS Table 1 East Pakistan Provincial Assembly Election Results 1954 7 Table 2 Strength of Parties within United Front 7

United Front Elections
Introduction
The United Front was a coalition of political parties from East Pakistan. This coalition was composed of four
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Its primary aim was to struggle for an Islamic order in Pakistan. The dismissal of the Nazim-ud-Din ministry (April 1953) and the fear of an un-Islamic constitution being imposed, as well as the mounting opposition to the Muslim League, induced it to function as a political party, independent of Muslim League, and to contest the elections as such. Its main aim was to exert influence on constitution making process that would lead to the establishment of an Islamic order based on Quranic principles; but in other matters, like the language issue and provincial autonomy, it followed the lead given by the opposition parties.
Ganatantri Dal (GD): The non-communal left oriented the GD’s foundation was laid at a convention on 19 January, 1953, attended by about one thousand political workers. Mehmud Ali was its moving spirit. He was supported by Haji Muhammad Danish, a legendary peasant leader. The latter was elected president while the former as general secretary of the party [ (Salamat, 1992) ].

Key People
AK Fazlul Huq (1873-1962): He was a well-known Bengali statesman in the first half of the 20th century. Abul Kashem Fazlul Huq is popularly known as Sher-e-Bangla or Hak Saheb. He was a public leader and holder of many high political posts including those of the Mayor of Calcutta (1935), Chief

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