Essay about Understand the process and experience of dementia(DEM 301)

4582 Words Aug 21st, 2014 19 Pages
UNIT 365


1.1Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome.
Dementia is a word used to describe a group of symptoms including memory loss, confusion , mood changes, and difficulty with day-to -day task. There are many causes of dementia wit Alzhaimer`s the most common.
Alzhaimer`s disease-around 500.000 people in the UK have Alzhaimer`s.Scientists know that during Alzhaimer`s two abnormal proteins build in the brain. They form clumps called either "plagues" or "tangles". Theses plagues and tangles interfere with how brain cells work and communicate wih each other. The plagues are usually first seen in the area of the brain that makes new
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These are four forms of CJD-sporadic, familiar, iatrogenic, variant
Huntington`s disease- an abnormal protein is produced which is though to cause destruction of neurons. Most of the damage occurs in the basal ganaglia, which controls movement.
1.2Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia.
Dementia is the most serious form of memory problem. Dementia is a condition of the brain which causes a gradual loss of mental ability ,including problems with memory , understanding, judgement, thinking and language . In addition , other problems commonly develop , such as changes in personality, and changes in the way a person interacts with others in social situations. As demetia progress , a person`s ability to look after themself from day to day may also become affected.
A person with dementia may have difficulties remembering things that happend only a short while ago. However, the same person may be able to remember things that happend many years ago. Other memory difficulties could include:
- difficulty in recognaising people or remembering their names
-the inability to find the right words for things or objects
-repeating conversations that they have already had
-forgetting appointments or recent events
-misplacing items, forgetting where they have put things or where they are usually kept
-the inability to recall what they have had to eat or even forgetting

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