U.s. Demographics : Demographics Essay
This assignment discusses the current U.S. Demographics, the influence the demographics will have on nursing, and how nursing will be able to meet the challenges of a large group of aging citizens.
Current U.S. Demographics
According to the United States Census Bureau the current U.S. demographics includes a population estimate total of 321,418,820 for the entire United States. Within the total population estimate, 50.8% is female, 6.2% is less than 5 years old, 23.1% is less than 18 years old, and 14.5% is 65 years or older. In addition, the population by race includes 77.4% for Whites, 17.4% for Hispanic or Latinos, 13.2% for African Americans, 5.4% for Asians, 1.2% for American Indians and Alaskan Natives, and 0.2% for Native Hawaiian or Islander (United States Census Bureau, 2015). This demonstrates a large population total and a diverse range of individuals.
The demographics of aging include increased numbers of age, increased life expectancy, and decreased birth rate. For example, those who are 85 years and older are said to triple in quantity from 5.4 million to 19 million between 2000 and 2010. Life expectancy at 65 years has increased by 4.7 years from 1960 to 2006, and individuals reaching the age of 65 can expect and additional 19 years. The birth rate and decline in death rate have declined since the 1960’s and if the trends were to continue, the older populations will increase significantly and take precedence by 2030 (Hillier & Barrow,…