Types Of Group Affected By The Civil Rights Act Of 1968 Essay
According the Nation’s Premier Civil and Human Rights Coalition(2016), housing discrimination affects people of all races, ethnicities, national origins and religions. Women, people with disabilities and families with children may also face barriers to their fair housing rights. For many families, discrimination in housing was brought to the forefront in the 1960s. In the United States before 1968, laws were not established to protect minorities from inequality and discrimination that occurred when attempting to purchase a house, or apartment. Thus, the Fair Housing Act of 1968, also referred to as Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act, was created to combat the racial disparities when it came to renting, or purchasing a home or apartment.
The act impacts families and individuals who are seeking to purchase a home. The act is intended to ensure adequate and equal housing opportunities for all Americans (Massey, 2015). In the years prior to the Fair Housing Act (FHA), for many minority families housing options were restricted. At the time that the policy was being proposed residential segregation was extremely high. In 1968, many civil rights activists hoped that outlawing racial discrimination in the U.S. housing markets would lead to the desegregation of American society(Massey, 2015).
In general, discrimination and living in poor living conditions could have an impact on a family’s or individual’s health. For instance, stress,…