Two Types Of Genetic Engineering: Therapeutic And Genetic Cloning

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Genetic Engineering

The primary goal of genetic engineering in humans is to predict and cure genetic disorders by changing an organism 's genome using biotechnology. An insertion or deletion of DNA segments can change genetic abnormalities. The two types of genetic cloning involved in genetic engineering are Therapeutic and Reproductive Cloning. Therapeutic Cloning has benefits in treating various diseases through cell replication. Reproductive cloning focuses on creating human body parts, reproducing copies of human beings and producing designer babies This review will compare and contrast the pros and cons of genetic manipulation through an in depth analysis of two articles: the first article written by Rachel Skladman ( 2011) taken from
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It aims to show people that genetic engineering is a convenient tool. In contrast, Knapton (2015) focuses on the ethical side of genetic engineering. Skladman (2011) puts emphasis on how genetic engineering will help save people from genetic disorders. Therapeutic cloning takes the cells from adults, replicates them and uses it for medicine and medical research. This type of cloning transfers identical cells for regenerative medicine and transplantation of organs and tissue. There are risks, however, therapeutic cloning. These risks are associated with genetic engineering if the immune response rejects and attacks the viruses used and in worst scenarios it causes an organ failure. Another problem is when an inserted virus kills the healthy cells other than the mutated ones for which they are meant to attack. If this was to occur, it means the good cells would be damaged and cancerous changes may happen. On the other hand strength of this approach explained by The scientists who are exploring genetic engineering may have good intentions however, according to Kanapton (2015) it can still lead to an ethical disasters as it enables parents to design their own babies. On the other hand, Skladman (2011) stresses that genetic engineering can assist saving a person from a deadly …show more content…
Chinese scientist’s have edited the DNA of non- viable embryos of babies and its seen as the first step for parents being able to design their own babies. Knapton (2015) stresses the risks of genetic engineering by questioning the intentions of genetic scientists who may want to do this work to secure their own careers and assuring their place in history books instead of actually admitting to the negative consequences of their work. An example of careerism given is the genetic scientists are continuing their research, knowing the risks of genetic engineering such as designer babies. An example of this risk is given by citing the work of an Oxford professor who conducted an experiment where seventy-one embryos survived and fifty-four were genetically tested. Twenty- eight embryos were successfully spliced, and some embryos contained a replacement genetic material. There were unexpected mutations that shouldn’t have cause any affected by the technique that was

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