Theories Of Cognitive Psychology

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Behaviorist perspective
Behavioral psychology which is also known as behaviorism is the theory of learning which is built on the idea that behaviors are conditioned responses. People learn from their environment. There are two main approaches to conditioned learning; classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is based on natural reflexes and neutral stimuli. Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov is one of the most famous psychologists in behaviorism. Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell. Operant conditioning; also modifying behavior, is based on whether the behavior will or will not be awarded a negative or positive consequences. the ability to change behaviors also helps with reducing phobias
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Cognitive psychology is the mental act or a process in which knowledge is acquired. Cognitive psychology is concerned with three mental functions, memory, perception, and attention. Computers were often viewed as being similar to humans as they both process info, store data and both have and output procedure. In other words, memory has three stages; encoding, storage, and retrieval. Wilhelm Wundt established psychology as a science in 1879. He founded the first psychological lab which was replicated by European and American universities. The earliest labs in cognitive psychology explored memory and sensory perception. Lab experiments are the most common way in cognitive psychology to get information and …show more content…
Biological psychology is the study that believes that most behavior is inherited and is evolutionary. The focus of biological psychology is the function of the brain and the nervous system in its daily activities. In 1869, Charles Darwin showed us that genetics help influence our evolution for behavior and with influenced behavior provides a way for natural selection to work. Behavior is inherited and evolutionary, which is why after the birth of a child the father 's testosterone levels drop. A drop in testosterone will make males less likely to look for new mates and they will be less aggressive which is safer for baby. Biological psychology explains behaviors in neurological terms, such as schizophrenia is affected by varying levels of dopamine in the body. Neurological terms focus on abnormal behavior and how to explain it. Biological psychology has the most use of mind/ chemical altering substances. Freud along with other theorists would say that biological psychology only treats the symptoms and not the cause. While health psychologist takes the view of biological psychologist they add environmental factors to get a better

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