Seven Major Perspectives Of Depression

Superior Essays
Chapter 1: Define the seven major perspectives in psychology and describe how each may explain how a person may develop depression. In psychology there is seven major perspectives or as some call them, approaches. These approaches as a whole represents and defines psychology. These approaches focus on different things, but at the end they are all connected with one another. These seven major perspectives in psychology are: biological, behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive, evolutionary, and sociocultural approach. Each and all of them play a role in whether if a person would develop depression or not. Biological approach focus on the body, especially the brain and nervous system. Psychologists are researchers, they focus on finding …show more content…
Evolutionary approach can give an explanation to the way we adapt and the way we do it.
Sociocultural approach is more of a external perspective, this approach examines the ways in which social and cultural environments influence behavior. In order to understand a person’s behavior one must know their cultural and social background.
Depression is a mood disorder causing a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression is very common, there is around more than 3 million US cases per year. A lot of people tend to be affected by it. These are some symptoms of depression: persistent sad, anxious, or empty mood, feelings of hopelessness, guilt and helplessness, loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies or activities difficulty in sleeping, remembering and concentrating, along with so many more (NIMH).A person may experience every single symptom to few symptoms depending on the person and their individual concerns and psychological
…show more content…
For example, since biological approach focus mostly on the brain and nervous system as well as the body, this might explain the causes why a person may develop depression. A person develops depression when they feel socially alienated; they usually believe they do not fit in, which leads to depression. Feelings, thoughts, emotions, the body, anything to do with the brain and nervous system all are components of biological perspective. Our brain and nervous system can shape our perception of things. This explains why one might develop depression. Behavioral approach observes an individual and therefore can conclude externally why a person could develop depression. Psychodynamic approach is about out deeper inner thoughts, these thoughts that are not socially approve might lead someone to depression. In humanistic approach one may develop depression if a person tends to want to control every single aspect of his/her life and when they realize they cannot control external things such as, if they get into a car accident, external things overall that cannot be prevented or foresee they tend to fall into depression. Cognitive approach is how we interpret information if there’s something wrong with a person’s mind this might interpret things in a negative way which may lead to depression. Evolutionary approach is about ideas such as adaptation. How we are able to adapt plays a crucial role in whether

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    The neurotransmitters are messengers that are in the brain and that has shown that it is a cause of depression. In the central nervous system if the serotonin is messed with it is thought to be a direct cause of depression. Also hormones from thyroid problems or menopause can be a major factor of…

    • 1785 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Major Depressive Disorder Major depressive disorder is a mood disorder that is caused by extreme and repetitious feelings of desperation, worthlessness, and discouragement. Most of these feelings are known to cause impaired emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and physical functioning or performance. (NEED CITATION) Major or clinical depression is commonly diagnosed with those who have the symptoms every day for at least two weeks. DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) is a common tool used to diagnose mental health conditions in patients thought to have depression. A few symptoms of depression are: fatigue, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, emptiness, sadness, negativity, and anxiety.…

    • 1290 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    As Perkinson states in his book “Chemical Dependency Counseling”, depression is a full body illness. Depression changes the way the client thinks, their body and their mood. The way a client thinks about themselves, their choices in eating and sleeping, and how they think about other things. In many cases, drug abusers have other sets of problems that make them dual diagnoses that should be treated for both. Most clients are depressed when entering treatment for drugs and to help with their primary diagnoses, their secondary diagnoses must also be solved.…

    • 1516 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Some biological factors sometimes seen in depression include genes and brain structure, some people have a higher chance of getting depression due to their brain structure and function, as well as if their neurotransmitters are not firing properly. Sudden changes in hormone levels may also be the cause of depression in some people. Psychological factors sometimes seen in depression include personality or cognitive causes, meaning that if one has always naturally had a more negative way of thinking they are more likely to become depressed. Other psychological factors include learned helplessness, and how they think all together (King, 2014). Sociocultural factors sometimes seen in depression include, living in poverty, being socially isolated, and loneliness (Dewall, 2016).…

    • 1181 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    These are explanations for the development of depression and a relevant impact of the learned helplessness on preclinical research (Hankel, Bussfeld, H.-J., & Hegerl, 2002). When experiencing these feeling individuals may also feel lonely and tend to isolate themselves from others (Hammond & Romney, 1995). Summary and Conclusion Depression is the second leading cause of disability (Ma-Li & Licinio, 2001). This is something that could happen early in childhood and continue to plague the individual into adulthood. Child maltreatment and traumatic events in early childhood can lead to lasting mental health issues (Danielson, et al., 2010).…

    • 816 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Repression, in a nutshell, attempts to keep bad thoughts from entering the conscious mind. The ego is the main force that drives repression. People with depression might have a weak ego causing repression to be less effective and in doing so for example could lead to thoughts of low self worth and even hurting themselves reaching consciousness all spiraling down into depression. Displacement is another defense mechanism, which uses the strategy of gathering impulses and guiding them towards people or things that are not threatening. People with depression could have this reversed.…

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    As seen in Laura A. King’s book “The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View (4th edition)” there are seven contemporary approaches to psychology, that examine questions regarding human behavior. The seven different approaches to psychology are the Biological Approach, the Behavioral Approach, the Psychodynamic Approach, the Humanistic Approach, the Cognitive Approach, the Evolutionary Approach, and the Sociocultural Approach. These seven strategies help to explain how some people may become depressed as well. The biological approach describes behavior and mental processes by focusing on the body, and the functions of the nervous system and brain; which also works alongside with neuroscience: the scientific study of the nervous system and how its functions affect behaviors, thoughts, and feelings. Through this approach, psychologists can determine that a…

    • 863 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    These unconscious motives can effectively alter a person’s personality or behaviour. When a person interacts with another individual or group, they are unknowingly motivated to behave like that individual, or groups behaviour to feel accepted. Freud calls this repression; for this instance, the person would be repressing their natural tendencies to align them with the norms of that group. Conversely, The Five factor model of personality suggests that a person’s behaviour would remain stabile across a wide range of situations, due to the stabilization and maturity of traits over time (Srivastava, S.; John, O. P.; Gosling, S. D.; Potter, J.; 2003). From this, you could argue that trait theories, such as the five-factor model, primarily focus on the consistency of an individual’s personality, whereas psychodynamic theory suggests a change in personality.…

    • 712 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They supposed to improve the person who suffers from the mental health disorders. However, these could effect on the patient instead of support and recover him. In an essay on relationship loss, Amy Baker and Nicholas Procter claim that “Humans need other humans for countless reasons, including to help construct and validate our life stories” (96). On the other hand, instead of people help the Psychiatric patient and increase his morale and confidence, they leave him in a difficult situation. The factors that contribute to losing relationship are many, including stigma, a large number of moving from a place to another, loss of a job or leave an educational chance, Also the main illness…

    • 764 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Neurosis can arise from symptoms of stress, often causing mild to severe psychological ailments, specifically depression and/or anxiety. There are many reasons as to why an individual may experience these depressive moods, and the relationship of your environment and your biological make up can make you more or less susceptible to forms of neurosis. There are many things that contribute to whether or not a person experiences depression. In addition to the way chemicals react in the brain and genetic influences, other factors can cause depression such as seasonal changes, as well as social and life events. These factors can modify neurotransmitters in the brain and have adverse effects on mood regulation.…

    • 863 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics