Treatment Of Patients With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Essay

1610 Words Apr 10th, 2016 null Page
For patients with temporal lobe epilepsy there is a high resistant to medication. This leads to a risk of memory impairments and mood disturbances. Long-term this leads to quality of life impairments and an increased risk of death. Due to the resistant to medication surgery is recommended for patients with TLE. Anteromesial temporal lobectomy (AMTL) is the most common surgery for the treatment of patients with TLE. AMTL is performed in both children and adults. AMTL is done in 30-40% of surgery resections in children, and 62-73% of resections in adults (Cossu et al, 2008). AMTL is an invasive surgery involving the temporal bone and lobe.
The skin and other layers protect the temporal muscle and bone. The skin is the most superficial layer, and is followed by superficial fascia. The next layers include galea aponeurotica and two layers of temporal fascia. The temporal fascia consists of a superficial layer and a deep layer. The temporal muscle lies deep to the fascia followed by periosteum. The temporal bone consists of the dura mater which adheres to the bone and is separated by the arachnoid, subarachnoid, space and pia mater. The inner surface of the temporal bone contains branches of the middle meningeal artery. The temporal lobe is found in the middle cranial fossa. The temporal lobe has white matter, part of the lateral ventricles, tail of caudate nucleus, hippocampus, and amygdala. The tentorium cerebelli lies beneath the posterior and medial part of the temporal…

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