Three Types Of Stress

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Stress is a common occurrence in everyday life and is experienced by all ages. An event that creates psychological turmoil and potentially overwhelms a person, ultimately ceasing their ability to cope or feel in control, is described as trauma. A child’s response to trauma is linked to their stress level following the experience. Harvard University has identified three types of stress: positive, tolerable, and toxic stress (Harvard, 2012). Positive stress refers to the everyday stressors one may experience and are mild in magnitude. It is imperative for children to develop skills to adapt to mild stressors. Children experience tolerable stress during times of trauma such as the death of a family pet or a natural disaster. This type of stress …show more content…
On the other hand, toxic stressors lead to disruptive impacts and are often categorized as strong and frequent in nature. Child abuse or neglect, parental substance abuse, domestic violence, and life-threatening illnesses are specific examples of toxic stress. Caring and supportive adult interactions assist in a child’s recovery of response as the environment becomes safe in nature and allows for healthy emotional development. Lack of secure support fails to alleviate the child’s stress and may even place them at greater risk of poor physical, social, and emotional development (Trauma Stress Network, 2005).
The U.S. Census Bureau predicts 73.7 million children will occupy the United States by the end of 2016; almost 24.1 million are less than five years old. (Child Population 2015). According to the Substance Abuse and Mental
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Triggers cause distress and limit functioning. The newest edition of the Manual takes into account the behavioral symptoms of posttraumatic stress; re-experiencing, avoidance, negative cognitions and mood, and arousal (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It also includes two subtypes for posttraumatic stress disorder: children younger than 6 years and dissociative symptoms. For the purposes of this paper, we will focus on the first subtype as well as the effects PTSD has on the family

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