Three Types Of Stress
On the other hand, toxic stressors lead to disruptive impacts and are often categorized as strong and frequent in nature. Child abuse or neglect, parental substance abuse, domestic violence, and life-threatening illnesses are specific examples of toxic stress. Caring and supportive adult interactions assist in a child’s recovery of response as the environment becomes safe in nature and allows for healthy emotional development. Lack of secure support fails to alleviate the child’s stress and may even place them at greater risk of poor physical, social, and emotional development (Trauma Stress Network, 2005).
The U.S. Census Bureau predicts 73.7 million children will occupy the United States by the end of 2016; almost 24.1 million are less than five years old. (Child Population 2015). According to the Substance Abuse and Mental …show more content…
Triggers cause distress and limit functioning. The newest edition of the Manual takes into account the behavioral symptoms of posttraumatic stress; re-experiencing, avoidance, negative cognitions and mood, and arousal (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It also includes two subtypes for posttraumatic stress disorder: children younger than 6 years and dissociative symptoms. For the purposes of this paper, we will focus on the first subtype as well as the effects PTSD has on the family