Theory Of Motivation : Classic And Contemporary Research Essay

1301 Words Jul 5th, 2015 6 Pages
Motivation: Classic and contemporary research
Mary DeMurray, Anthony Harris, & David Johnson
Florida Institute of Technology
MGT 5101
July 14, 2015 Motivation: Classic and contemporary research
Motivation has been the subject of many studies for decades. It is a complex issue with many dimensions, hence there is no agreement on a single theory of motivation, nor a single leadership approach to motivating employees. (Guillén, Ferrero, & Hoffman, 2012.) In order to better understand some of these theories, the definition provided in BusinessDictionary.Com (2015) is provided as follows: “Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal.”
According to BusinessDictionary.Com (2015), “Motivation results from the interaction of both conscious and unconscious factors such as the (1) intensity of desire or need, (2) incentive or reward value of the goal, and (3) expectations of the individual and of his or her peers. These factors are the reasons one has for behaving a certain way.”
Some early writings about motivation date back to around 500 B.C., when Confucius was working as a teacher and politician. His views required a leader to have a vision, possess virtue and integrity, act with benevolence and justice, as well as to have the power to motivate others to behave in the same ethical and moral ways. Confucius is still…

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