Theory Of Motivation

Waking Up: Realizing Your Full Potential The Theory of Motivation has been around since 1943 but the idea of self-actualization has always been around. There are many different names used by different cultures to refer to self-actualization. For example the phrase “finding yourself” can be defined as to “accept and make use of one’s personality, abilities, and situation”. (To Find Yourself, retrieved November 18, 2008). This is similar to the definition of self-actualization. Sounds very simple but do people really reach self-actualization? Do they really find themselves? What exactly is self-actualization? There are many factors that have a positive or negative influence on this process being either intrinsic or extrinsic. The Theory of …show more content…
This type of motivation comes from within from personal satisfaction with things that interest the individual. This is the type of motivation that self-actualization stems from. So how do people become Intrinsically motivated? Well Abraham Maslow introduced a hierarchy of needs that consist of five stages or level of Physiological needs. These five stages in order from bottom to top consist of Physiological Needs, Safety Needs, Love and Belonging, Esteem, and Self-Actualization. Physiological needs are the basic human needs like sleeping, eating, water, air, clothes, and shelter. With out these simple things a person can not survive or function properly which is why this is the basic building block of the Hierarchy of Needs. The next level is Safety Needs where an individuals behavior is focused on physical safety , personal security , financial security and health. In this stage people have the need to be comfortable and safe from economic failure, violence and health issues. For an example, health insurance may be a safety need for some to comfort a person or make them feel safe incase they …show more content…
The biggest external factor a person will deal with is their environment. If a person in poverty is living pay check to pay check and they do not like their job, they will not quit in fear of the consequences of not receiving that check. Peer pressure is a very good example of a bad external factor. When on a journey to self-actualization being yourself is one of the main key points, but a lot of people are afraid to be themselves in fear of being bullied, or different. They live in fear of not fitting in. This creates an external motivation to fit in a belong and if a person isn 't careful they can become stuck in this cycle. Another example of this is school. All throughout school kids are bullied for not having the newest or in style shoes and clothes. This can motivate a person to focus on the new fads versus being them self. More focused on being cool versus making good grades. If bullying persist a person can develop low self-esteem and develop and inferiority complex which can affect someones Intrinsic motives. Bad extrinsic motives like this can affect a persons whole life and cause them to stop somewhere in the middle of the hierarchy of needs. There are also bad Intrinsic motivation but usually they have something to do with a mental disorder.For an example someone can simply just not want to function with the rest of the world because they want to do what

Related Documents