Theories Of Reading Perspectives
Linguistic Perspective Definition Linguistic theories focus on the structure and use of language. These theories emphasize the role that knowledge of semantic and syntactic structures of language plays in the comprehension of text.
Description and Explanation of Linguistic Theories and Models
Psycholinguistic Theory suggests that reading is primarily a language process, and that readers rely on language cueing systems to help them read (Tracey & Morrow, 2012, p. 68). An understanding of syntactic, semantic and graphophonic text structures provides information to the reader as he reads the text, helping him predict what the text will say next. This ability to create and test hypotheses rapidly and unconsciously allows the reader to spend more time constructing meaning, and less time decoding text. This theory can be classified as a linguistic theory of literacy because it …show more content…
As theorists studied how we interact with text, they began to research how our knowledge of language affects our ability to predict and comprehend text. Through substantial research these theories have shifted from a focus on our knowledge of language structure, to a focus on our interactions with language that create that knowledge.
Psycholinguistic theory indicates that syntactic, semantic and graphophonic cues allow us to predict the next words as we read a text. It argues that we use our knowledge of these language structures to guide our reading. Students who have internalized the structure of oral language can rapidly, and correctly, predict what the text will say. The Goodman Reading Model adds to the linguistic perspective, suggesting that miscues related to these language structures can provide information on how a reader is integrating these cueing systems, and gives insight into his knowledge of