Theories Of Connection With Crime Causation Essays

1467 Words Jan 25th, 2016 6 Pages
This essay will discuss four theorists and their theories in connection with crime causation. This will be explained by highlighting the issue of free will versus determinism when it comes to the cause of a crime. The four theorists who will be discussed throughout are, Sarnoff A. Mednick’s genetic theory which includes adoption studies, Gender theory relating to a key theorist Carol Smart with an approach relating to feminism, Hans Eysenck’s with his personality theory and finally, Robert K. Merton’s social theory.

The first essay for discussion is Sarnoff A. Mednick’s genetic theory. Genes are based around biological factors making this a determinist theory. Inherited genes decide a criminal’s behaviour or other abnormalities would be chromosome mutation faulty genes or sex. The abnormalities of a sex chromosome are shown with sexual chromosomes for female (XX) and male (XY), if there is an extra chromosome in the male genes (XXY) making them more aggressive and prone to committing crimes. Nature V nurture debate plays a huge part in the genetics theory as the genetic theorists would say that crime is natural to them. Ethically speaking both play a huge part to play, the element of nurture overrides bad with the good. Twin and adoption studies also have a part to play with causation of crime. Mednick’s et al (1987) 14,000 adoptees were found in the court convictions that were searched from biological to adoptive parents, many adoptees had criminal biological parents,…

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