The Three Ethical Approaches Of Divine Command Theory Essay

1682 Words Oct 30th, 2016 7 Pages
In order for me to determine how I would respond in the given scenario, it would be worthwhile to examine the three ethical approaches of Divine Command Theory, Act-Utilitarianism, and Kantian ethics. I will discuss each of these approaches briefly and then give reasons which one of these three is the most compelling to me. For me, I would like to choose Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism, as propounded by Jeremy Bentham, is concerned with one ultimate moral “principle of utility’. This moral principle holds that “we should always try to produce the greatest possible benefit for everyone who will be affected by our action” (Mill 26). According to this principle, regarding a particular situation, we must choose among an array of choices the ones with best outcomes for the benefit of the all concerned. The theory involves two main ideas; first, we should be guided by the consequences of our actions. Second, Utilitarianism considers each person’s welfare as important as anyone else’s. It was Bentham who first advocated for amendments in the laws of Britain along utilitarian lines which resulted in prison reforms and legislation against the use of child labor. Act-Utilitarianism is the view that a person’s act is morally right if and only if it produces at least as much happiness as any other act that the person could perform at that time.
In the second chapter of his book Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill regards the principle as the ‘Greatest Happiness Principle’ and holds that “…

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