The Theory Of The Attachment Theory Essay

1200 Words Feb 17th, 2015 null Page
The attachment theory is a notion in developmental psychology that stresses the importance of attachments in one’s personal development focusing on the emotional bonds from one person to another, specifically between a child and their caregiver. It is necessary for a child to develop a relationship with at least one of their primary caregivers in order for them to fully develop emotionally and socially enhancing a child’s optimal development (Bowlby, 1958). The quality of infant attachment received has consequences towards the child’s feelings of security and their ability to form trusting relationships in the future (Malekpour, 2007). Theorists, such as John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth helped to form these ideologies and it is illustrated in the work of Harlow’s Monkeys (1958) and Lorenz 's Imprinting Theory (1935). This paper will explore the attachment theory throughout the early stages of life in order to understand the importance attachment has on a child’s psychological development.
During infancy the aim of the parent-child relationship focuses on nurturance and predictability revolving around the day to day demands of parenthood. According to Bowlby and Ainsworth (1991) a child forms an attachment to their mother during the first year of its life. Then interactions between the mother and child establish behavioural patterns that are reflected in future relationships. The Strange Situation procedure is often used in child development research and it was noted the…

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