Essay The Theory Of Self Control Theory

1161 Words Jun 1st, 2016 5 Pages

Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) are the primary theorists who founded the Self-Control theory. These researchers argue the basic principle behind criminality is determined by the level of self-control exhibited by the individual in question. Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) describe self-control in the context of how well you can resist temptations in daily activities and sudden opportunities. Those that demonstrate a lower level of self-control have a higher probability of expressing criminal behavior, while the converse is applicable for those with high self-control. Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) determined that low self-control is a significant factor in determining the likelihood of an individual participating in deviant behaviors and activities, however, they recognized it was not the only facet that lead to deviant behavior. Self-Control theory comprises of six elements of low self-control that contribute towards deviance, which include: immediate gratification, simplistic activities, exciting and risky behaviors, short-term benefits, minimal skill and planning, and a total disregard for the victim. The first element of low self-control is immediate gratification, which is meeting one’s desires without the need of long-term fulfillment. An individual seeks an opportunity that only focuses on the present outcome rather than working towards long-term success. In the case of Sam’s Narrative, this is shown at all stages of his criminal career. Initially it…

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