Essay on The Theory Of Four Stages Of Cognitive Development

1662 Words Apr 17th, 2016 7 Pages
Ann 's year 5 class can be used to relate the theory of four stages of cognitive development and sociocultural origins of cognitive development. Jean Piaget and Lev Semanovich Vygotsky are the two most powerful theorists of cognitive development in today 's classroom teaching. The father of constructivism, Piaget 's theory focused on stages that are invariant which are sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage and formal operational stage. He portrayed how adaptation occurs through assimilation and accommodation. He was also able to identify the factors that impact cognitive development is maturation, activity, social transmission and equilibration (Duchesne & Mcmaugh, 2015). Vygotsky 's theory centred on sociocultural origins of cognitive development that is a child learns from a more knowledgeable than discovering spontaneously. Vygotsky believed this occurs through internalisation, social interaction, language as a tool and the zone of proximal development (Krause, Bochner, & Duchesne, 2006).
A child may learn to become an independent functioning member between peers through social interaction. Duchesne and Mcmaugh (2015) stated that Vygotsky 's sociocultural theory proposes that it is through social interaction that we figure out how to reason and build up our reasoning procedure. This is the interaction between peers and the child. They contended the social advancement of a child 's capacities happen in two specific ways that are…

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