The Theories Of Child And Adolescent Development Essay

745 Words Nov 21st, 2016 3 Pages
Child and Adolescent Development Child and adolescent behavior has developed over time and “no one theory of development is universally accepted” (Matorell, Papalia, & Feldman, 2014, p.39). it all began with the organismic and discontinuous theories of Freud, Erikson, and Piaget. Then, the mechanistic and continuous theories of psychologists, such as, Watson, Bowlby, and Vygotsky found popular support. They were all catalogue into the five theoretical perspectives; psychanalytic, learning, cognitive, contextual, and evolutionary/sociobiological. Child and adolescent theories continue to emerge, be modified, and develop as more studies and research happens.
Psychoanalytic perspective Freud and Erikson were leading developers of the psychoanalytic perspective that “sees development as motivated by unconscious emotional drives and conflicts” (Matorell, Papalia, & Feldman, 2014, p.56). Both, came from a European perspective, but Freud’s psychoanalytic was based on sexuality and the “need to recognized and accepted” (Onchwari, Onchwari, & Keengwe, 2008, p.268). Eriksonlater developed an eight stage development perspective, based on social interaction, ego, and trust within the social structures (Onchwari, Onchwari, & Keengwe, 2008). Though both psychoanalysts, Freud thought “an individual’s personality was set in childhood” (History of Parenting Practices, 2010), and Erikson believed “the development of the ego is lifetime process” (History of Parenting Practices, 2010)…

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