Pierre Bourdieu's Theory Of Education Inequality And Development

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The world encompasses many different cultures, which governs way of living. Culture is defined as the characteristics that mutually make up societies or groups of people identified by beliefs, behaviours and customs. Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of social reproduction formed from culture studies created the concept cultural capital. Divided into three types of cultural capital aspects embodied, objectified and institutionalised state all contributing to shaping lifestyles and individuals. Presence, participation and achievement of children’s educational practices have been affected both positively and negatively from changing cultural capital through shifts in deficit thinking, laws and agents in educational institutions. One’s success, value and inclusion are determined by cultural capital in different settings and circumstances which helps explain education inequality and development.

Cultural Capital
Cultural capital contains aspects of how societies’ structure is formed and viewed through everyday behaviours, social interactions, society’s ‘norms’, ethnicity, values and overall lifestyle choices (Morin, M. 2012). An individual’s cultural capital is cultural, materialistic, social and symbolic enhanced and changed by ones habitus that is acquired over time. The nature and qualities that are possessed by the individual’s habitus is gained through life experiences in different contexts (Nora, A. 2004). Cultural capitals change
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Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917–2005) theory included an ecological system model of human development that helps explain agents. A child’s microsystem (the direct influencing relationships such as parents) and mesosystem (influencing interactions from different environments including school) contain relations and interacting elements crucial to the child’s academic success. (Lustig, S. L.

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