Essay on The Theories Of Behavioral Psychology

1007 Words Nov 14th, 2016 5 Pages
Behavioral psychology is an interesting field, because it looks for the reasons why we act the ways we do. In this area of study are notable figures such as B.F Skinner, John Watson, and Ian Pavlov. Those figures alone, made grand advances in studying what controls our behavior, as well as methods of shaping – or reshaping – behavior through reinforcement.
Behaviorism was influenced by previous schools of psychology including positivism, functionalism, and the evolutionary ideas of Darwin. With it came some key elements such as the use of animal testing, as their behavior was very good indicators of similar human behavior. Objective psychology was an important characteristic of behaviorism as well because the goal was to strictly observe, and then be able to modify such observed behavior. With outwardly observed behavior being key, that also meant that introspection was less important, as it relies on individuals self-reports and cannot always be observed and outwardly confirmed. Behaviorism is one of the schools of psychology that has stuck around, still mostly in its original form and has not been abolished or absorbed into other schools. It is still a source of much research and discovery, some of which the most important aspects have come very recently from individuals such as B. F Skinner. Skinner brought along an upgraded version of behaviorism though, which became known as neobehaviorism. But the most recognized originators of behaviorism to begin with were Ian…

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