The Theme Of Revenge In Medea And Euripides And The Odyssey

Good Essays
Human revenge was an old theme in the literature of Greece and it was probably one of the earliest actions to be staged there. Thus, ancient Greeks viewed the concept of revenge as a form of justice. They believed that if horrid wrongdoing was done upon them, they had the right to return the favor in whatever means they found just. In Greek mythology, individuals would demand revenge if they felt humiliated, offended and betrayed. The issue of revenge takes place in both “Medea” by Euripides and “The Odyssey” by Homer. Both protagonist Medea and Odysseus plan revenge against characters that have greatly humiliated, offended and betrayed them.
Revenge is an important underlying theme in The Odyssey because, in essence, it explains why Odysseus’
…show more content…
“You dogs! You thought I would never come home from Troy. So you wasted my house, forced the women to sleep with you, and while I was still alive you courted my wife. Without any fear of the gods in high heaven or of any retribution from the world of men. Now the net has been drawn tight around you.” This excerpt highlights Odysseus anger and justifies his action to get vengeance of those who betrayed him. “Zeus thundered loud, showing his portents and cheering the heart of the long-enduring, godlike Odysseus.” In book 20, Odysseus asks Zeus to give him a sign that he would help him come home. Then, Zeus thunder symbolizes he would give him vengeance. The slaughtering of suitors who have been vying to take over Odysseus ' estate in his absence. This revenge is deeply cathartic and comes across as more well-earned because of the trials to which Odysseus was subjected at sea before he was finally "allowed" by the gods to reclaim his …show more content…
“Believe me, though, that’s not how it will end. The newlyweds have everything at sake and the struggle await the one who made this match.” King Creon gives Medea one day to exile. Medea states, “He granted me a day to turn three dead bodies: the father, and the bride, and my own husband. Use the skills I have nature and poison them, destroy them with my drugs.” She is driven by passionate desire to right the wrongs done to her and she is determined that no man will wrong her and then live to tell about it. “I’ll ruin Jason’s household, then I’ll leave this land, I’ll flee the slaughter of my children. I will have the nerve for this unholy deed.” This excerpt highlights Medea’s plan to ruin Jason’s life by taking her children’s. Medea’s revenge leads to violence and rage when she plans to, “Send her bearing gifts, a delicate robe and a garland worked in gold. If anyone who touches her will die a painful death.” Once the princess and the kin die, she takes a sword at her children’s throat. By doing these killings, she proves that how cruel she is in her passion of

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    In the beginning the chorus views her as the victim of the tragedy. They follow her around and support her plan of revenge against Jason. However, the opinion of the chorus and the audience shifts when she decides to murder her children. When this occurs Medea reaches the climax of becoming the villain of the play. In conclusion certain traits, such as Medea’s anger and her willingness to sacrifice her own children to get back at Jason, can be considered to be both heroic and…

    • 1203 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Revenge is a powerful inhibitor that moves Odysseus and the Greek gods to enforce their pride above others. Homer emphasizes revenge as a strong motivator throughout the epic, through the episodes of Poseidon’s response after Polyphemus’s death and Helios’s cry for Zeus to destroy Odysseus’s crew, to explicate the assertion that revenge is…

    • 776 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This is the case when comparing these two story’s internal conflict. In the Poe story Montresor takes revenge on Fortunato because of the actions Fortunato has taken against Montresor. It is shown well by the following quote: “Ten thousand injuries I had borne as I best could; but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge” (Poe 209). This quote shows that the reason Montresor takes revenge is because Fortunato has wronged him not because Fortunato has wronged somebody Montresor knows. In the movie Taken, however, it is a different story.…

    • 1007 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Revenge Vs Justice

    • 1319 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Rebecca, along with John Proctor, is hanged. ”Rebecca: Let you fear nothing! Another judgment awaits us all!” (144) Neither of them would confess the crime they supposedly committed, and they paid for it with their lives. Rebecca gets her revenge fully, as it was her intent to see Nurse killed. Rebecca getting her revenge is another way the court was corrupted through vengeance, and envy.…

    • 1319 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Media then assists Jason in obtaining the thrown by tricking the daughters of the King into killing him. Medea and Jason have to flee to Corinth because of their actions. Jason then decided he wants to leave Medea and his children for the princess of Corinth. Medea being prideful and unable to let go of Jason’s deceit will do whatever it takes to have revenge of his betrayal. Medea uses her children to poison and kills the princess, and in the process kills the King of Corinth, whom had wanted her to leave knowing she would kill his daughter.…

    • 1092 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Medea Vs Oedipus Essay

    • 929 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Medea eventually tricks Jason into believing that she is no longer is willing or able to harm him or his own family, so she then sends her children back with poisoned gifts. This is unimaginable that any mother could be so vengeful as to use her own son and daughter for revenge. “O your heart must have been made of rock or steel, you who can kill with your own hand the fruit of your own womb” (Euripides 669). Medea however is content in the fact that she takes everything away from…

    • 929 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Medea changes her mind several times before finally deciding that killing the children will be one of the last ways to make Jason suffer. She proceeds with this horrendous action knowing that if she doesn't kill them that they will in turn be killed in revenge for the murder of the king and princess. Another reason for this action is to prevent Jason’s name from living on through the children. This makes the play as a whole a tragedy because not only is Medea suffering , but Jason is as well knowing that he has lost everyone dear to…

    • 555 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    na Djunisijevic Prof. Klaassen CLCV 2010A March. 14th, 2018. The Portrayal of Revenge as a Mean of Preservation Seeking vengeance is one of the central themes in Agamemnon and The Medea. Both Euripides and Sophocles explore human nature by examining the human psyche. In the two plays, Clytemnestra and Medea are vengeful and ruthless in their pursuit of justice because of the disloyalty wrought upon them by their male partners Agamemnon and Jason.…

    • 1816 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Books IX, XII, and XXII show that the recurring concept of vengeance leading to justice was a key part of Greek culture, but today makes Odysseus’ journey seem convoluted and repetitive. One might wonder, why does Odysseus go through this whole journey? Why isn’t he able to sail back home directly? The main cause of Odysseus’ entire struggle is Poseidon’s desire for vengeance. In book IX, Odysseus explains the story of how he blinded the giant…

    • 985 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hamlet Revenge Theme

    • 2489 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Vengeance is additionally evident when Antony sorts out an armed force to crush the plotters and conveys them to equity. Since retribution is a focal subject, Antony utilizes much exertion into arranging the armed force which will overcome Brutus. He should not just act before Brutus so Brutus will give him a chance to make his discourse at Caesar 's memorial service, yet he likewise needs to utilize much exertion into forming his speech. While examining which one of the plotters ought to bite the dust, Antony proposes that his own sibling Publius ought to likewise bite the dust. Because of Antony 's assertion upon his siblings ' discipline, it is again obvious that revenge is a focal topic inside the play.…

    • 2489 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays